How Big Do Dracaena Plants Get: The Full Scoop On Size & Space Requirements

Dracaena plants are visually stunning and easy to care for—making them the perfect choice for anyone with a busy schedule (or a tendency to forget to water their plants).

But — before you run out to your local nursery to pick up a dracaena, there's one important thing to consider: size.

Dracaena reflexa

These plants come in all shapes and sizes, from petite tabletop versions to towering giants that can make a bold statement in any room. Some varieties can even grow up to a whopping 10 feet tall.

Before you bring home a dracaena, take a moment to consider the size of your space. While smaller varieties can easily fit on a tabletop or shelf, larger ones will require a bit more floor space.

And don't forget about lighting and temperature - each variety has its own specific needs, so make sure your space can accommodate them.

Let's discuss the world of dracaena plants and their size and space requirements.

The Scoop On Dracaena Plants

Dracaena plants are popular houseplants that belong to the Asparagaceae family and are native to Africa and Asia.

They're known for their strap-shaped leaves that come in a variety of colors and patterns, making them a versatile choice for any home or office.

Dracaena Reflexa is a type of ornamental plant that has beautiful leaves

These plants are low-maintenance and easy to care for. They prefer bright, indirect light and well-draining soil. Overwatering can lead to root rot, while underwatering can cause the leaves to wilt.

In addition to their beauty, dracaena plants are also natural air purifiers. They can remove toxins such as formaldehyde, benzene, and trichloroethylene from the air, making them a practical choice for indoor gardening.

How Big Do Dracaena Plants Get?

Dracaenas come in different sizes and shapes, making them versatile for various spaces.

In their native tropical environments, some can grow up to 20 feet. However, as indoor houseplants, most remain under 8 feet tall.

Check out the diverse world of dracaena plants with a quick-reference size guide below:

Dracaena Plant Height Range
Dracaena Marginata 20 feet
Dracaena Fragrans 5 feet
Dracaena Feremensis 3 feet
Dracaena Compacta 3 feet
Dracaena Deremensis 6 feet
Dracaena Janet Craig 10 feet

Understanding the average size is essential when choosing the right plant for your space.

Here is a little more info on some of the most common dracaena species and their average size:

  • Dracaena Marginata: This species is also known as the Madagascar Dragon Tree. It can grow up to 6-8 feet tall indoors and has long, slender leaves that can reach up to 2 feet in length.
  • Dracaena Fragrans: This species is also known as the Corn Plant. It can grow up to 5-6 feet tall indoors and has broad, green leaves that can reach up to 3 feet in length.
  • Dracaena Sanderiana: This species is also known as the Lucky Bamboo. It is a small, compact plant that typically grows up to 2-3 feet tall and has thin, green stems.
  • Dracaena Deremensis: This species is also known as the Janet Craig. It can grow up to 4-6 feet tall indoors and has dark green, glossy leaves that can reach up to 2 feet in length.

The size of dracaena plants can also be influenced by the pot size and growing conditions.

A larger pot will allow the plant to grow bigger, while a smaller pot will keep the plant smaller.

The amount of light, water, and nutrients the plant receives will also affect its size.

Factors Influencing Dracaena Size

Dracaena plants are known for their long leaves that grow outward and up from a central stalk or cane.

dracaena plant with leaves. dracaena plant in nature.

However, the size of dracaena plants can vary depending on several factors. Here are some of the factors that influence the size of dracaena plants.


The size of dracaena plants is largely determined by their genetics. Some species of dracaena naturally grow larger than others.

For example, the Dracaena Fragrans can grow up to 6 feet tall, while the Dracaena Marginata only grows up to 4 feet tall.

Additionally, some cultivars of dracaena have been bred to be smaller in size, making them more suitable for indoor spaces.


Dracaena plants thrive in warm, humid environments with bright, indirect light. When grown in ideal conditions, dracaena plants can grow up to 20 feet tall.

A tall home-grown dracaena plant placed in the garden

However, if they are grown in environments that are too cold or too dry, their growth can be stunted.

Care and Maintenance

Proper care and maintenance can also influence the size of dracaena plants. Regular watering, fertilizing, and pruning can help dracaena plants grow to their full potential.

Overwatering, underwatering, or using the wrong type of fertilizer can cause stunted growth or other health problems.

Additionally, pruning can help control the size of dracaena plants and prevent them from becoming too large for their space.

Space Requirements for Dracaena Plants

Dracaena plants come in different sizes and shapes, and their space requirements vary depending on the plant's size and growth habits.

Here are some guidelines to follow when determining how much space to leave between each dracaena plant.

Outdoor Space Requirements

Dracaena plants can also be grown outdoors in warm, near-tropical climates.

When planting dracaena plants outdoors, consider the plant's size and growth habits.

Here are some general guidelines for spacing dracaena plants outdoors:

  • Small varieties (less than 2 feet tall): Plant these 1-2 feet apart.
  • Medium varieties (2-4 feet tall): Plant these 2-3 feet apart.
  • Large varieties (over 4 feet tall): Plant these 3-4 feet apart.

It is important to give dracaena plants enough space to grow and spread out. Crowding the plants can lead to stunted growth and poor health.

Tips for Managing Dracaena Size

To keep your dracaena at a manageable size, here are some tips to follow.

Pruning Tips

Pruning is essential to control the size of your dracaena plant. You can prune the stem or cane of the plant to a desirable height, and new growth will emerge from the cut.

Women's hands cut diseased leaves with scissors from a Dracaena plant

Use a sharp and clean pair of pruning shears to make the cut.

If you want to reduce the size of the plant, cut the stem at the desired height, leaving at least one leaf node on the stem.

The leaf node is where the new growth will emerge.

You can also remove any yellow or brown leaves to improve the appearance of the plant.

Cut the leaves as close to the stem as possible without damaging the stem.

Control the size of dracaena plants through pruning. Regular pruning helps keep the plant at a manageable size and promotes healthy growth.

Repotting Guidelines

Repotting is another way to manage the size of your dracaena plant. If the plant has outgrown its current pot, you can repot it into a larger pot to accommodate its growth.

Repotting dracaena with root bounding. Root bound house plant

When repotting, choose a pot that is one size larger than the current pot. Use a well-draining soil mix to prevent waterlog, which can lead to root rot.

Divide the plant into smaller sections and repot them in separate pots. This is a great way to propagate the plant and manage its size.

In Closing

Dracaena plants come in all shapes and sizes. There's a dracaena plant for every space and every need.

Dracaena plants are easy to care for, even for beginners. With a little love and attention, they can live for many years and make any space feel like a lush, green paradise.

So go ahead and add a dracaena plant to your home or office today!

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