[INC. WHEN AND HOW TO]
Pruning is recommended for avocado plants, especially removing dead leaves and branches. It's unnecessary to trim excessively, but removing brown or wilted sections is fine.
Prune avocado plants in spring, during warm and clear weather, and wait until the plant has replenished itself before fall and winter.
Avocado plants grow quickly, up to 30 inches per year. Some people prune them to manage their growth. Staking younger plants can encourage a tree-like growth. Alternatively, pre-grown or trained trees are available.
Fertilize young avocado plants three times a year and mature ones once. Avoid feeding before dormancy, use a slow-release nitrogen-based formula, and look for products for avocado trees.
To grow an avocado tree, find a bright, sunny spot in USDA zones 10-12 with fast-draining soil and a sub-humid climate. Only grow in places with Mediterranean temperatures.