Banana Harvesting 101: The Ultimate Guide to Picking, Storing, and Ripening Your Fruit

Do you dream of harvesting your own bananas straight from the tree? The harvesting process can be rewarding, but it's not as simple as it seems.

To get the best quality fruit, you need to know when to cut the bananas from the tree. You also need to store and ripen them correctly.

In this article, we'll give you all the tips and tricks you need to properly harvest the fruit.

Get ready to savor the sweet, delicious taste of ripe bananas, straight from your own tree.

Banana Harvesting 101: The Ultimate Guide to Picking, Storing, and Ripening Your Fruit

When To Cut Bananas From a Tree

Banana bunch cut from the tree.

Knowing when to cut bananas from the tree is crucial to ensure that you harvest the fruit at the right time.

Factors To Consider


The climate in your area plays a significant role in determining when to harvest bananas.

Bananas tend to ripen faster in warmer areas than in cooler regions.


Different banana varieties have varying maturation times. For instance, the Cavendish variety takes nine to 12 months to mature, while the Lady Finger variety can take 12 to 15 months.


Bananas grown at higher altitudes tend to ripen slower than those grown at lower altitudes.


The type of soil and the nutrients it contains can also affect the maturity of the bananas.

Signs Of Maturity

Aside from the factors mentioned above, there are also some signs that you can look out for to determine if the bananas are ready to be harvested:


yellowish green banana, sweet taste, often eaten as a dessert, contains lots of vitamins, good for body health

The color of the bananas is a good indicator of their maturity. Bananas that are ready to be harvested typically have a yellowish-green color.


Mature bananas are usually plump and full-sized.


The texture of the bananas should be firm but not too hard. Bananas that are too soft or mushy are overripe.


The angle of the fruit can also be an indication of maturity. When the bananas start to turn upwards, it means that they are ready to be harvested.

Should You Let Bananas Ripen on a Tree?

Banana tree with a bunch of ripe yellow bananas plant natural bio jungle

The answer to this question depends on several factors, including the type of banana tree you have, the climate in your area, and your personal preferences.

Generally, it is better to harvest bananas a week to two weeks before they are completely ripened.

Waiting too long to harvest the fruit can result in overripe bananas that are mushy and unappetizing.

However, some varieties of bananas can be left on the tree until they are fully ripe without any negative effects.

It's important to note that bananas will continue to ripen after they are harvested, so it's best to pick them a little early rather than wait too long.

If you're not sure whether your bananas are ready to be harvested, look for signs of ripeness such as a yellow color, a slightly curved shape, and a sweet aroma.

If you do decide to let your bananas ripen on the tree, be sure to protect them from birds and other animals that may try to eat them.

You can do this by covering the bunches of bananas with a paper bag or a piece of cloth. This will help to keep the fruit safe from pests and speed up the ripening process.

Ultimately, the decision of whether to let your bananas ripen on the tree or harvest them early is up to you.

How Long Does It Take for Bananas to Ripen on a Tree?

Bananas typically take 75-80 days to ripen on the tree after they have flowered.

However, this can vary depending on a number of factors, including the variety of bananas, the climate, and growing conditions, and the stage at which the fruit is harvested.

Bananas grow in clusters, with each cluster containing several hands, or individual bananas.

Each hand typically contains between 10 and 20 bananas, with each banana taking around three to six months to reach full maturity.

During this time, the fruit undergoes several stages of development, including flowering, fruiting, and ripening.

The timing of these stages can vary depending on the variety of bananas and the growing conditions.

How Do You Harvest Bananas from a Tree?

Harvesting Techniques

Asian elderly male farmer smiling happily holding unripe bananas and harvesting crops in the banana plantation

Harvesting bananas may seem like a simple task, but you need to do it correctly to avoid damaging the fruit.

Here are some techniques to follow for picking bananas:

1. Use a Sharp Knife or Machete

When picking bananas, it's important to use a sharp tool to avoid damaging the fruit.

A dull knife or machete can crush the bananas or leave jagged edges that can lead to rotting or contamination.

Make sure your tool is clean and sharp before you start picking.

2. Cut Down the Entire Bunch

To pick bananas, you need to cut down the entire bunch.

Hold the bunch with one hand and use your knife or machete to cut through the stem with the other hand.

Be careful not to damage the fruit or the rest of the tree.

3. Place the Harvested Bunch on a Tarp Or Mat

Once you've picked and cut down the bunch, place it on a tarp or mat to prevent damage to the fruit. This will also make it easier to transport the bunch to a storage area or processing facility.

4. Leave Stalk on the Hand

You may want to leave a few inches of stalk on the hand to make it easier to carry, especially if it's a large bunch. This will also help protect the fruit from bruising or damage during transport.

5. Wipe Away Any Residual Sap

Banana trees produce a sticky sap that can stain and contaminate the fruit. To prevent this, wipe away any residual sap from your bananas before storing or processing them.

Preparation for Harvesting

Before harvesting bananas, there are some things you need to do to ensure that the fruit is ready for picking. Here are some tips:

Check the Color of the Bananas

If they are green, they are not yet ready for harvest. Wait until they turn yellow with brown spots.

Observe the Size of the Fruit

If the bananas are still small and immature, they are not yet ready for harvest. Wait until they have plumped out of their young rectangular shape.

Secure the Banana Plant

Tie it or use a stout forked stick to keep the plant upright and prevent if from falling over.

Storing Bananas

Close-up of a beautiful bunch of bananas in a trading box

Once you have harvested your bananas, you need to store them properly to ensure they stay fresh and ripe for as long as possible.

Here are some tips for storing bananas:

Storage Conditions

Bananas should be stored in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight.

They should also be kept away from other fruits and vegetables, as they release ethylene gas which can cause other produce to ripen and spoil more quickly.

Here are some specific storage conditions to keep in mind:

Room Temperature

Bananas can be stored at room temperature for three to four days. This is the most common method of storing bananas, as it allows them to continue ripening and develop a sweeter taste.


If you want to extend the life of your bananas, you can store them in the refrigerator.

But keep in mind that the cold temperature can cause the skin to turn brown, even if the fruit inside is still good.

This does not affect the taste or quality of the fruit, but it may not look as appealing.

Overripe bananas can be stored in the fridge for up to four days.

To minimize browning, you can try wrapping the stem of the bananas with plastic wrap or aluminum foil to slow down the release of ethylene gas.


If you have too many bananas and don't want them to go to waste, you can freeze them.

Simply peel the bananas and place them in a freezer-safe bag or container. They can be stored in the freezer for up to six months.

Frozen bananas can be used in smoothies, baking, or as a healthy snack.

Ripening Process

If your bananas are not yet ripe, there are a few things you can do to help them ripen more quickly:

Place Them in a Brown Paper Bag

This will trap the ethylene gas that bananas naturally give off, which will help them ripen more quickly.

Make sure to fold the top of the bag over to keep the gas inside.

Add an Apple or Avocado

These fruits also give off ethylene gas, which can help ripen bananas more quickly.

Place a ripe apple or avocado in a paper bag with the bananas to speed up the process.

Make sure to check the bag daily to see how the bananas are ripening.

Place Them in a Warm Spot

Bananas will ripen more quickly in a warm environment, so consider placing them near a sunny window or on top of the refrigerator.

Cutting Bananas from the Tree: Wrapping Up

To make sure you harvest your bananas at the correct time, be sure to take into account the factors we covered in this post.

Once you've established that the bananas are ripe, you should remove the bunch from the tree and store the fruit so that it can ripen naturally. Then you can relish the taste and texture of your bananas.

Read more:

How Fast Do Banana Trees Grow?

Are Cold Hardy Bananas Edible?

Banana Harvesting 101: The Ultimate Guide to Picking, Storing, and Ripening Your Fruit

Banana Harvesting 101: The Ultimate Guide to Picking, Storing, and Ripening Your Fruit

Banana Harvesting 101: The Ultimate Guide to Picking, Storing, and Ripening Your Fruit

Banana Harvesting 101: The Ultimate Guide to Picking, Storing, and Ripening Your Fruit

Banana Harvesting 101: A bunch of banana, The Ultimate Guide to Picking, Storing, and Ripening Your Fruit

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