Are you trying to grow your own microgreens at home, but things aren't going so well? Well, you've come to the right place. We've done the research and compiled this guide to help you figure out what's going wrong in your microgreen garden.
When microgreens refuse to sprout, it usually comes down to:
- Old seeds
- Poorly kept seeds
- Seeds that are too fresh
- Light issues
- Temperature changes
So, what kinds of issues can seeds have that would prevent them from growing? And how do you know if you're using too much or too little water? Keep reading to learn all about the most common problems associated with microgreens not sprouting and how to prevent them.
Why Aren't Your Microgreens Sprouting?
There are a handful of reasons why your microgreen seeds may not sprout. Most microgreen varieties begin to sprout after 2-3 days, so if you haven't seen any action after 3 days, there's an underlying issue.
Most of the time this issue will come down to the quality of the seeds you are using, but sometimes it can be environmental.
Most microgreen seeds have an expiration ranging from 1-3 years from harvest, and some varieties may last even longer than that. Seed packets and containers should have an expiration date printed on the packaging, so check your seed container to see if the seeds are too old to germinate.
If you no longer have the original packaging but you think your seeds may be around a year old, this is very likely why they won't germinate.
Nature Jim's Sprouts Microgreen Salad Seed Mix
These microgreen seeds claim to sprout in just 5 days and include a mix of varieties designed to make a delicious salad blend. This 1-pound bag will offer plenty of seeds for multiple grows.
Poorly Kept Seeds
If your microgreen seeds got wet or were stored in a hot area, it can drastically affect their viability. Even high humidity levels can have an effect on the quality of your microgreen seeds. It's recommended to store microgreen seeds in the refrigerator for the best results.
Home Grown Salad Sprouts
Seeds That Are Too Fresh
If microgreen seeds are harvested from the plants too early, they may not be viable at all. This is why it's best to get microgreen seeds from a reputable source with an in-depth understanding of the life cycles of these plants.
Some varieties of microgreens have seeds that experience a period of dormancy in certain seasons too, so it's good to get an understanding of the variety you're trying to grow.
Rainbow Heirloom Seed Co. Rainbow Radish Microgreens
This variety blend of radish microgreens will add some spice to your salad. It comes in a large 1-pound sack for multiple plantings.
Depending on the variety you're trying to grow, microgreens need a dark period of between 2 and 8 days before they can be exposed to light. After the dark period, they will require between 4 and 5 hours of direct sunlight or a full 8 hours of indirect sunlight per day to grow properly.
Make sure you are meeting the light and dark requirements for the specific variety you're trying to grow, and consider a grow light to supplement sunlight if needed.
LED Grow Light
This full-spectrum grow light will help your microgreens get all the sun they need to grow strong and healthy. It's 2 feet by 4 feet, and it's dimmable to meet your needs.
Overwatering can lead to a number of issues in microgreen seeds. They may become so overwatered that they begin to develop mold and other illnesses while germinating and never make it to the sprouting phase. Make sure you only water every day or so after the medium has begun to feel dry.
Beautify Beauties Misting Spray Bottle
This misting spray bottle is perfect for watering your microgreens gently. The mist it provides will help you avoid overwatering.
Underwatering your microgreen seeds will prevent them from germinating too. Seeds and seedlings are very vulnerable specimens that can be heavily affected by poor conditions.
If your growing medium dries out while your seeds are germinating, they may not make it to the sprouting phase before they also dry out and perish.
HAMAMA Microgreens Growing Kit
This growing kit helps take all the work out of growing microgreens. You only need to add water once and provide adequate sunlight, then sit back and watch them grow.
If your seeds experience rapid or extreme temperature changes while they're germinating, it may kill them before they break through the medium.
You want to try to keep your microgreens in a growing environment that stays between 65°-75°F. Temperatures that are too cold will kill them, and temperatures that are too hot will cause mold growth and disease.
Zuvas Desk Fan
This small desk fan should be enough to keep your microgreens cool in hot weather. It has three speeds so you can control how much wind the plants get.
Why Are Microgreens Growing Slowly?
Check what kind of microgreens you're trying to grow; some varieties grow much slower than others. Choose fast-growing varieties for quicker results. If your microgreens are overwatered or underwatered, they can experience slower growth as well.
Do Microgreens Need Heat To Germinate?
Microgreens don't typically need extra heat to germinate unless your home is rather chilly. As long as you keep the seeds between 65° and 75°F, they should be able to grow well. If your home is cooler you can use a heat mat to help get your seeds started.
Hydrofoam Seedling Heat Mat
How Can I Make Microgreens Grow Faster?
To encourage healthy and quick microgreen growth, make sure you're using good soil with a low level of nutrients.
Another way to ensure speedy growth is to make sure you start your seeds in the right season for the specific variety you're starting or at least the right environmental conditions. Make sure your temperature is appropriate and that your microgreens are properly watered.
Black Gold Organic Potting Soil
This potting soil has low levels of nutrients, which is perfect for microgreens. It's completely natural and organic too, which is always a bonus.
Do Microgreens Grow Back After Cutting?
Microgreens don't typically grow back after being cut, so you'll need to replant new seeds after every harvest. It would be a good idea to grow more than one crop at a time to ensure you have enough to eat with multiple meals.
Most microgreen seeds are sold in a large enough quantity that you can get a decent amount of harvests per bag.
How Many Times Can Soil From Microgreens Be Reused?
You can reuse the soil from your microgreen grow multiple times, but you need to properly prepare it before replanting.
Mix the soil up well daily to break down the remaining microgreen roots and stems. After about two weeks of daily turning, the soil should look rich and dark, meaning it's ready for reseeding.
Do Microgreens Need Good Airflow?
Microgreens need good airflow to thrive and grow properly, especially if it's very humid. It's good to consider keeping them near an open window during nice weather or having a fan nearby to circulate air. Without good circulation, your microgreens can be infected with mold and other illnesses.
Should Microgreens Be Covered?
You can cover your microgreens with an opaque, light-blocking cloth to help ensure the proper dark period is achieved.
After the dark period requirement is met, they will need sunlight and airflow to thrive, so remove any covers. Make sure you follow the instructions for the seeds you purchased to accomplish proper germination techniques.
Now that you know all about the different problems that could prevent microgreens from sprouting, you're ready to give it another shot. Don't forget to make sure they get a suitable dark period and receive an appropriate amount of sunlight throughout the day afterward. Good luck in your gardening endeavors, and have fun growing!
Now that you've made it to the end, check out these other helpful articles:
For more advice on growing microgreens in your home, read: How To Grow Microgreens Indoors
To discover more tasty plants that grow quickly, read: 11 Edible Plants That Grow Fast [Healthy & Yummy!]