How Many Jalapeños Per Plant?

Jalapeno peppers are excellent for adding extra spice to your favorite recipes! Also, growing your own peppers is a good decision that will help you save a few extra dollars. Have you wondered how many peppers will each Jalapeno plant produce? We've researched this question and have found substantial research results to share with you!

Generally, a Jalapeno pepper plant will yield anywhere from 25 to 35 peppers from summer to fall. These estimates are based on healthy plants grown in full sun and quality soil conditions. 

Are you ready to learn more about Jalapeno plants and how many peppers those plants should bear on average? Or if you should plant two Jalapenos next to each other for better results? We've researched these topics and have gathered quality research results to share with you!

How Many Jalapeños Per Plant?

How many Jalapeños per plant?

Close up of jalapeno chili peppers ripening on plant, How Many Jalapeños Per Plant?

According to Colorado State University, the average Jalapeno plant will bear anywhere from 25 to 35 peppers over several summer and fall harvests. However, some factors will contribute to the number of peppers each plant will be capable of producing. 

  • Full sun throughout the growing season.
  • Nutrition-dense soil.
  • Regular watering practices. 
  • Fertilizing the Jalapeno plant will encourage the plant to increase its production. 
  • Proper drainage for potted Jalapeno plants. 
  • Ample space between the Jalapenos and the other plants. 

Jalapeno hot peppers on plant

Can you plant two Jalapeno plants together?

Yes. It is possible to plant two Jalapeno plants next to each other, provided there is enough space for the plants to have ample airflow and room to grow.

The Farmer's Almanac recommends planting the Jalapeno plants two feet apart to ensure plenty of space throughout the growing season. Like other pepper plants, Jalapenos need ample airflow, full sun, and quality soil to develop healthful peppers. 

Do Jalapenos come back every year?

According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Jalapenos are considered a perennial. Although many gardeners will grow these plants annually, they are genetically capable of coming back the next year or overwintering indoors. 

How to overwinter Jalapeno plants?

The term "overwintering" means bringing the plants indoors for the winter season to preserve the plant for the following growing season. 

  • Bring the potted Jalapeno plant indoors. 
  • Place the Jalapeno plant in full/direct sunlight. 
  • Only water it when the top layer of the soil is dry. 
  • Do not overwater. Overwatering will increase the chances of the plant dying during the winter.
  • Provide the plant with fertilizer. Make sure to use the recommended amount for potted plants versus outdoor garden measurement protocols. 
  • Frequently check the plants for pests.
  • Return the plant to the outdoors once the next growing season has returned.

Green jalapeno hot pepper in wooden plate closeup.

No. Jalapeno plants will produce peppers from mid-summer to fall or the first frost depending on the zone of your location. Suppose your Jalapeno plants were planted in containers. Bring those Jalapenos inside and place them in a spot with direct sunlight. 

Provided the plant has enough sunlight and ample nutrition, the plant will continue to bear peppers indoors. To determine which zone you are located within and how those growing conditions pertain to your garden.

Click here to use the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map. 

Organic jalapeño (Capsicum annuum) peppers on a jalapeno plant.

Should you water Jalapeno pepper plants every day?

No. Do not water the Jalapeno pepper plants daily because these plants thrive in dry and hot climates. Overwatering will disrupt nutrient absorption and cause the plant to weaken, which will make the plant more susceptible to disease and pest infestations. 

Only water when the top two inches of soil are dry and in small amounts. Even if the plants become a bit wilted, it is okay. Jalapeno pepper plants will thrive and produce more peppers in hot and dry conditions. 

Excellent question! Yes. Jalapenos grow very well in potted containers, provided there is enough space for the plant's root system to develop.

Also, it is essential to provide the potted pepper plants with extra nutrition to replace what the plant would typically absorb from the soil in a garden. 

The best way to provide your potted plants with enough nutrients to thrive and provide you with a plentiful harvest is to fertilize on a regular schedule.

Please follow the manufacturer guidelines for exact measurements and frequency for applications to avoid over-fertilizing. 


Click here to view the Miracle-Glo Garden Soil at Amazon. 


Yes. Jalapeno plants require full sun and hot conditions to yield fruitful results. In short, "Full Sun" means the plant needs at least six hours a day of direct unfiltered sunlight to grow and produce peppers. 

Are you wondering what the definition "Full Sun" means when shopping for plants at your local greenhouse? Click here to read "What Does "Full Sun" Mean In Gardening?"

Will pickled Jalapeno seeds grow?

Pickled sliced jalapeno. Green jalapeno peppers in bowl on green table.

No. Pickled Jalapeno seeds will not grow simply because the pickling process heats the peppers to the boiling point in brine, killing the seeds.

To grow your Jalapeno plants from seed, you must purchase seeds and plant those indoors or in a greenhouse to start germination. 


Click here to view Jalapeno seeds on Amazon. 

 Gro All Purpose Plant Food, which contains four Garden Feeder Refill Packets, along with the Miracle - Gro Garden Feeder.

Yes. Only if the Miracle Grow product is formulated for vegetables or the packaging specifies that it is safe for pepper plants. Do not use fertilizers labeled for lawn care on any of your vegetable plants for the best results.

Please beware that using too much Miracle-Gro will burn the plants, which will cause root damage and the plants to die prematurely.

Always measure and use the directed amount to prevent killing the vegetable plants. Also, you will save your hard-earned dollar by measuring and not overusing your plant fertilizers.

Are you interested in learning more about the difference between types of plant fertilizers? Click here to read "15 Best All-Purpose Plant Fertilizers [Liquid, Powder, and Granular]."

Safety precautions for using Miracle-Gro plant fertilizers

Miracle - Gro Garden Feeder Refill Packet

According to the National Library of Medicine, plant fertilizers are minorly poisonous when swallowed, and touching fertilizer directly could cause minor to severe burns. Also, fertilizers are very toxic to children and pets, do not allow them to play in an area recently sprayed with fertilizers.  

  • Avoid inhaling particles while using the product.
  • Always keep containers closed when not in use.
  • Do not store near food for animal or human consumption.
  • Store in a cool and dry area. 
  • Do not leave children unattended with any plant fertilizers. 
  • Wear gloves while mixing and applying fertilizers.
  • Keep children and pets away from the fertilized area until fully dry.
  • Only use on living grass or plants.
  • Never use while pregnant or near pregnant people. 
  • If you are dust sensitive or have respiratory issues, consider wearing a mask when spraying.

Please note that plant fertilizers are not-fool proof. It is essential to follow the instructions and not use more than directed. Furthermore, only use plant fertilizers that are either all-purpose or specifically designed for the type of plants you have for the best results. 

Suppose fertilizers have caused a burn or have been accidentally ingested. Don't hesitate to contact Poison Control or your medical provider for further assistance and instructions. 

Final thoughts!

 Thank you for reading our article today!

This article discussed Jalapeno plants and the growing conditions that will ensure you have an excellent yield of fresh peppers! Also, we discussed some helpful gardening tips and tricks to help you continuously grow your food, whether you have a sizeable garden or potted plants on a balcony. 

Please be sure to check out some of our other posts before you go to help further your vegetable gardening knowledge base.

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