Considering that the banana tree can be successfully grown indoors or outdoors, you may have a few questions about how long it takes them to grow. After all, banana trees can reach an average of 16 feet or higher, unless you are growing a manicured dwarf variety. We decided to do some digging to figure out exactly how fast banana trees grow, so you will know what to expect.
If you were curious about how long it takes a banana tree to grow, you could expect to see a mature plant after 10 to 15 months. If a banana plant has optimal growing conditions, 12 hours of sunlight, plenty of water, and space to grow, most varieties of banana trees mature reasonably quickly. The variety of banana you grow, whether it is an ornamental or fruit-bearing type, and if it is grown indoors or outdoors, may impact the growth period.
A banana tree that is well cared for, adequately fertilized, and is in a hot and humid environment will quickly mature, bear flowers, and may develop fruit. Banana trees must be protected from strong winds, frigid temperatures, disease, and should be grown in well-draining soil that is rich, fertilized, and has enough room for healthy root systems to establish themselves. Read on to learn some more fine points about the life cycle of the majestic and magical banana plant.
From Seedling to Towering Tropical Tree
The tropical banana tree is a popular source of nutrition for both humans and animals and is best grown in zones 9 and 11. The banana tree is not a tree at all but is, in fact, a clumping, perennial herbaceous plant. There are around 70 different varieties of the banana plant, or the Musa genus, which is a native of Southeastern Asia. There are many wonderful ornamental and fruit-bearing banana plants that gardeners can grow indoors and outdoors. Depending on the variety of banana plants selected will influence how long it takes to reach maturity.
On average, most banana trees need a minimum of 10 to 15 months to reach maturity, but some plants may need 3 to 4 years before they begin to develop fruit. Banana trees require constant warmth, humidity, frequent watering, nutrient-rich, well-draining soil, and plenty of sunshine. A mother banana plant may reach maturity, produce fruit, and then perish after as little as 13 months. However, any pups that spring up can transform into viable pseudostems or stalks which may produce flowers and fruit.
Check out different varieties of the banana plant before you commit to growing this tropical beauty, as the time it takes for each type to mature and bear fruit may vary.
- Super Dwarf Cavendish- After 9 to 15 months, this fruit-bearing plant will produce flowers and then eventually, fruit.
- Ice Cream or Blue Havana- Blooms will appear after 15 to 24 months, and fruit arrives after 115 to 150 days
- Cuban Red- Be patient and expect to wait up to 20 months for this banana plant to reach maturity.
Once a pseudostem of a banana plant has produced a clump of flowers that later become the banana fruit, it will die. The healthy rhizome of the banana plant can continue to nurture multiple pseudostems capable of producing fruit for years to come. Protect a banana plant from the winter cold, keep it under optimal growing conditions, and maintain it with pruning, fertilizing, watering, and adequate light to prolong a banana plant’s lifespan.
How Can I Make My Banana Tree Grow Faster?
How Tall Do Banana Trees Get?
- Dwarf Cavendish Banana – Grows an average of 5 to 9 feet.
- Ice Cream or Blue Havana Banana – Reaches between 12 and 15 feet tall.
- Red Cuban Banana and ‘Lady Fingers’ – Both varieties can reach a lofty 25 feet in height.
- Manzana – Grows to 12 feet in height.
When Do Banana Trees Produce Fruit?