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The most important part of growing an areca palm is ensuring that the plant has adequate sunlight and healthy soil. What is the best soil for an areca palm tree? We've researched the answer to this question for you, and in this post, we will share our findings.
The best soil for an areca palm tree is soil that is well-drained and contains peat moss. That being stated, you can also use all-purpose soils as long as they are slightly acidic and rich in texture. Areca palms don't require expensive soil to grow and thrive. However, they should be rich in nutrients and heavy enough to support the plant's weight.
You can also prepare your own soil for your areca palm plant. This can save you money on planting, especially if you have more than one palm at home or if you have succulents or cacti that you're growing in addition to the palm.
Best Soil For Areca Palms
Areca plants love oil that is acidic and rich in minerals, including potassium and nitrogen. It's also common for growers to add peat moss, bark mixture, and sand to palm tree soil to make it heavy and improve its aeration. The soil must be well-aerated to prevent the palm tree from becoming waterlogged.
These plants grow best in soil that is well-draining and peat-based. However, most all-purpose soils will do as long as they are rich and slightly acidic. If you find that your soil is not draining enough, you can always add sand to help improve the drainage. And if you are a cost-conscious gardener, it may be worth repairing your own potting media instead of purchasing pre-mixed soils. To do this, you'll need to purchase the base mixes and buy a few containers to store the soil, such as a wheelbarrow, soil storage containers, or potting bags.
How do you prepare soil for Areca Palms?
The best way to prepare the soil for areca palm trees is to determine the ingredients you want in your soil mix. For the most part, the soil mix should include peat moss, sand, perlite, or vermiculite. The peat moss and sand will help the soil stay heavy enough to support the weight of the plant, while the perlite and vermiculite will help the soil stay well-draining, given its heavier texture. Here are the steps to prepare your soil for your palm. During this process, you will add three parts of potting soil to one part of sand and one part of perlite.
- Start by pouring the soil into a wheelbarrow or your pot mixing bag. Ensure that the soil is fresh and doesn't display any signs of pests or mold infestations.
- Next, spread the soil around with your gardening shovels so it lays evenly in the wheelbarrow. Add a layer of peat moss to the soil. Be sure to measure the peat moss so that it's only one-third of the amount of soil that you've added to the wheelbarrow.
- After you've added the peat moss, add a layer of sand to the mixture as well. Be sure to measure the sand as well so that it's one-third of the amount of soil in the wheelbarrow.
- Next, mix the ingredients with your shovel or with a garden fork. If the soil feels too sticky at this point, add a bit of extra peat to the barrel. After applying the soil mixture to your plants, it's best to store the rest away in bags or containers either indoors or outdoors.
Cold temperatures outdoors won't harm the soil, but harsh weather will degrade soil bags, so it's best to store it in solid containers if you're going to leave it outside. If you live in a warmer area, you may still want to use solid containers to avoid the bags becoming degraded from pests, insects, and direct sunlight.
Check out this video for how to prepare the soil for palm trees using coconut bricks instead of peat:
What is the best potting soil for palm trees?
Areca palms prefer soil that is porous, loose, and contains peat moss or sand. They are also partial to the soil that contains leaf mold or shredded bark. These palms can grow just fine and all-purpose potting soil purchased from a local gardening store or nursery. However, if you've had trouble with drainage, it's best to add perlite or vermiculite to help with aeration. For the most part, soil pre-mixes made for succulents and cacti will also work well for areca palms and other palm varieties.
How do you repot an areca palm?
If you are areca palm has a fungal issue or is growing too big for the pot, it's best to re-pot it before it starts to tip over or its fungal issues worsen. Here are the steps to re-pot areca palm.
- Start by choosing a new pot from two to four inches bigger than the tree's current pot.
- Next, place a mesh screen over the drain holes of the new pot and fill it about four inches or halfway up with soil. If the pot doesn't have drain holes and is made of plastic, you can drill them using a large drill bit. Drill anywhere from one to three holes into the bottom of the pot.
- Next, get a firm grip on the palm tree and rock it side to side until you can pull it out of its current container. It's also helpful to tap the pot's side with a blunt object (such as the drill) to help loosen up the dirt. Be careful when doing this on ceramic pots, as you don't want to crack the pot. If the palm tree is over three feet tall, it may be best to lay it on its side and then gently remove it from the pot so that you don't break the center of it.
- Lift the palm tree and place it in the center of the new pot. Next, pour soil into the pot until it reaches the bottom of the trunk. Add new soil until it's near the same height as the soil in the previous spot-- this area of the trunk should usually be darker than the rest of it.
- Next, shake the pot a little to help fresh soil get down to the bottom roots of the areca palm. You may need to add more potting soil after this step. Next, use your hands to pat the soil down around the plant's base gently.
- Finally, water the new soil until you see it pouring out of the drainage holes.
When should I fertilize my areca palms?
Areca palms do not require a high amount of fertilizer regularly. However, it can help them grow fast. If you want to add fertilizer to your area palm, you should do so every spring season before new growth begins. You can also give the palm a liquid fertilizer every month during the growing season if you want it to grow taller. If your plant has suffered from nutrient deficiencies or is recovering from high stress, it may be necessary to add fertilizer to the plant at least once a week or so until it has fully recovered.
In which case, it's best to follow the directions on the fertilizer to determine the best frequency. Be sure that you don't fertilize the palm tree in the winter, is it doesn't need any nutrients when it's in its dormant growth stage. If you do, the fertilizer will just sit on the topsoil.
What is the best fertilizer for areca palms?
Areca palm trees prefer a fertilizer that has an NPK of 8-2-12. However, you may find that fertilizers made specifically for cacti and succulents will work well on areca palms, even though they don't fall in these plant categories.
Is Areca palm Indoor or outdoor?
Areca palm trees can work well as both indoor and outdoor trees. These plants can get up to six to 10 feet high when grown indoors, so it's best to make sure that you have enough space for the plant. When grown outdoors, the plants can get up to 15 to 20 feet tall. You'll also want to note the spread of these palm trees as they can get as wide as eight feet.
Wrapping Things Up
Areca palm trees can be a bit demanding when it comes to soil and water. It's best to use soil that is slightly acidic, peat-based, and heavy enough to support the tree's weight. You'll also want to make sure that the soil is well-aerated so that the plant doesn't suffer from any fungal issues such as root rot.
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